In cells without FBPI, the group observed the Warburg impact – a phenomenon in which malignant, growing tumor cells get into overdrive rapidly, creating energy up to 200 times faster than their non-cancer-cell counterparts. This original dual function of FBP1 explains its ubiquitous reduction in ccRCC, distinguishing FBP1 from previously determined tumor suppressors that aren’t inhibited in all tumors consistently. And since FBP1 activity can be lost in liver cancers, which is quite prevalent, FBP1 depletion could be applicable to a number of human cancers generally, notes Simon. Next actions, according to the researchers, is to identify various other metabolic pathways to target, measure the abundance of metabolites in kidney and liver tumor cells to determine FBP1's function in each, and develop a better mouse model for preclinical research..Researchers say the analysis suggests this gene, called ATF3, could be the crucial link between cancer and tension, including the major reason behind cancer death – its spread, or metastasis. Previous public health studies have shown that stress is a risk factor for cancer. Researchers know that ATF3 can be activated, or expressed, in response to stressful conditions in every types of cells. Under common circumstances, turning on ATF3 can actually cause regular and benign cells to commit suicide if the cells decide that the stressors, such as irradiation and too little oxygen, have irrevocably damaged the cells.